In pics: The crumbling remains of the Soviet Union's space programme
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is the official immigration website of the Government of Newfoundland and Labrador. It is made possible through funding from the Government of Canada and the Government of Newfoundland and Labrador.
Where cultural unity was insufficient, it was encouraged and enforced by the state.  The 19th-century nation-states developed an array of policies – the most important was compulsory primary education in the national language .  The language itself was often standardized by a linguistic academy, and regional languages were ignored or suppressed. Some nation-states pursued violent policies of cultural assimilation and even ethnic cleansing . 
September 14. A Dundee woman found a handwritten note on a city bus pledging that "the sword will be used" to institute Sharia law. The note read: "Sharia law will be for all human beings with Islam. The sword will be used to reach this goal." The woman said that she believed the message to be "some sort of call to Jihad." She said: "I went to sit on the seat and there was a bit of paper and I happened to look at it. I read it and then I gave it to my partner to read and we both said that it was really worrying. It just didn't seem right. I didn't know who I should get in touch with. I thought the best person would be the driver, so I gave it to him. These days, we can't ignore things like this. Even if it's nothing, it should be looked into. We just didn't expect to find something saying that on a bus in Dundee."